QTH Cambridge

Two HR yagi antennas on teh roof at MIT
Yagis over Cambridge

I spent this weekend in Cambridge — not the one in the UK, the one in Massachusetts. I was there primarily for work, and spent many hours attending meetings in hotels, but I also had some fun. My hotel was right at the Kendall/MIT stop, and I had a good view of the campus from high up. I didn’t bring a radio  — there wouldn’t have been much point considering the state of the ionosphere after a solar flare towards the end of last week —  but I did spot a nice antenna from my hotel room window and trotted over to investigate. I assume this multiband HF Yagi belongs to the MIT Radio Society, which is one of (if not the) oldest college stations in the country.

On Friday, I had some time before meetings started, so I walked over to the MIT museum. I spent about three hours there, mostly entranced by the kinetic art exhibit — like Calder, but more gears and motors. I easily could have spent twice as long. I didn’t think the robotics exhibit would be so interesting, but with the actual prototypes on display, you could look under them, around them, see how they were put together, etc. They also had a huge exhibit on technology developed by alums from the Institute, including technological breakthroughs such as transistors, vacuum tube-switched magnetic core memory, even mechanical integration machines.

I had hoped to run into some of the IF crowd, but I was a day early for the monthly PR-IF meeting, and my flight times were too tight to make Sunday’s Grue Street meeting. Next time.

While I didn’t get any IF written on this trip, I did spend a lot of time in planes and airports, so I did finish the character sheets for RileyCon 15. I also worked on the rough draft of the main event. This is going to be a busy month for both me (talk at Cold Spring Harbor, running the 80/20 CW station for Field Day) and Mark (usual lab work plus five grants cooking on the barbie), so I feel a bit better having made some start on this material.

Chicago, Boxen, and Heil

A view out the window of the Marriott Courtyard downtown hotel. In the foreground: a tentec 1320, straight key, and Hendricks SLT+ longwire tuner
A view towards the lake

This week as the American Society of Clinical Oncology’s annual meeting in Chicago, and I spent five days just north of the river, at the Marriott on S. Ontario Street. When I arrived, I was quite excited to see that my 23rd floor window opened ever so slightly, meaning I could get an antenna out. For the next several days, though, I was busy around the clock, and only on the final day did I get a chance to try to operate from the hotel. As seems to be a trend with these hotel operations, it failed miserably.

The rig was the TenTec 1320, so I was looking at day time operation, but I had a slight problem – the side of the hotel was white and my antenna wire was black. I wasn’t so much worried about someone noticing my antenna from the street level, after all, 30 feet of black wire up about 200+ feet is pretty difficult to see, but I was worried about neighbors hearing something tapping at their window and then seeing the black, insulated wire dangling. One good pull, and various pieces of my station would be headed towards the pavement.

There is a Radio Shack on Michigan, just south of the river, and as Ben informed me, they are unusually competent. I walked in, asked for antenna wire, and they knew where it was!

When I got back to the room, I figured that since I was so high up, I might as well put up as long a wire as possible. I doubled the 31.5′ length recommended by the SLT+ tuner manual to make a full wave longwire. It would have been nice to have had a tape measure, but I was able to work it out in multiples of 8.5 and 11 inches, which was doable with what I had on hand. I weighted the far end down with a ring from a keychain. I ran the counterpoise wire along the floor of the hotel room, and yes, tripped over it several times.

I looked around for something to protect and insulate the wire as it passed through the window sash, and decided that one of the throw-away ASCO newspapers could be rolled into a tube, and would help get the wire a little bit away from the building.

Not far enough, though. Although I had two of the elements of the magical formula for antennas (lots of wire, high up), I think the wire’s proximity to the building killed it. I was able to tune the antenna to fully extinguish the LED on the SLT+ tuner, indicating a good match, but being near the metal structure of the building effectively shielded the antenna. I heard few cw conversations on 20m in the morning. Granted, it was a weekday, but even so, the signals were not loud. I tried calling CQ for a while, but no responses. Now that I’m back in Virginia, I’ll need to double check the radio to make sure it is transmitting correctly, but I’m pretty sure it was the antenna and not the radio.

two large cardboard boxes awaiting unpacking
Total weight: 50 kilos.

I got back late Tuesday night, and had two large boxes waiting for me when I walked in — the equipment that I had shipped out to Operation Sizzling Pork. Tymme had shipped it two days before. Score one for UPS Ground service (and Tymme’s professional-grade packing skillz).

Not really related to any of this travel, but still along the lines of amateur radio, on the way to work yesterday, I noticed that Bob Heil had produced three episodes of the “Ham Nation” podcast. I had enjoyed his interview with Leo Laporte on Triangulation a couple months ago, and I had heard in subsequent weeks that they would be working on a ham radio-specific show for the Twit network.

As much as I appreciate the effort, I can’t say that the first few shows have, pardon the expression, resonated with me. The show may need some time to find itself, but I think it needs more structure. I wonder if it wouldn’t work better to have two hosts, one of whom is not an expert and could ask the questions that might be occurring to the audience. The show also needs to figure out what audience it wants to address. The other shows on Twit presume a sophisticated audience with knowledge of the field (e.g., Security Now), but there is something of a proselytizing aspect to Ham Nation. There is a huge audience of people worldwide who are already hams, and these are the people who most likely have sought out the show (and, from a commercial aspect down the road, probably the best target audience for ham-related ads).

Two contests, one rock

A night time cartoon of a tent and camp fire

I could say that we selected Rocky Gap State Park (78.65061 W, 39.71315 N) for Memorial Day camping because I knew I would be running a rock-bound transceiver in a QRP contest, but the truth is that as usual we waited until the last minute to make camping reservations, and there weren’t many choices for state parks within a three hours drive of Washington, DC. Despite the  last minute preparations, the camping went off without a hitch (literally, since we shoved everything in the back of one car).

We left early on Saturday morning, had tents up by around noon, and I then spent some time entertaining the neighbors by throwing soda bottles with strings into the high trees. In appreciation, they turned up their country music, which was much appreciated, but not by me.

This was the CQ WW WPX CW contest weekend, so I knew there would be a ton of activity, with a good chance to be heard internationally. For that contest, I brought the TenTec 1320, and ran its ~ 5W into a longwire antenna through my Hendricks SLT+ antenna matcher. That rig only tunes 20m (~14.003 to 14.073), so I was limited to daylight plus a bit. With other camping activities going on, I periodically sampled the band to see what propagation paths were open. I was using a straight key as I don’t have my keyers on hand, but it wasn’t too bad since I wasn’t calling CQ much with such a peashooter station. Logging was performed in the classic style: paper and pen, with a lot of page flipping to avoid dupes.

The late afternoon/early evening both days was my best time. I logged 31 contacts, with DX to Aruba, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Martinique, Spain, and Venezuela.

The CQ contest was over at 20:00 local time on Sunday, just in time for the ARCI Hoot Owl Sprint to begin. I had brought the 40m rockmite for this contest, since the contest offers bonuses both for QRPp operation and field operation. With the large membership of the ARCI potentially listening, I thought I might have a chance to be heard by someone.

I started at 20:00 EDT (00:00 Z) and stayed at it for 3 and a half hours, before I decided to walk down to the lake and stare at the clear night sky for a while. The rockmite has a built-in picokeyer, so I was able to use my Bencher BY-1 paddles, which was a good thing since I was somewhat zombified that late in the evening after a good night’s sleep on hard ground the night before.

A giant mosquito attacks a running man
Rumors may have exaggerated somewhat

Not only did I log some radio contacts, but I also was visited by many species of insects, who were attracted to the coleman lantern providing light for the log book. In fact, one unlucky bug is a permanent addition to the logbook itself.

In all, I logged nine contacts in six states (MI, NC, NJ, NY, OH, and VA). Five of these contacts were with ARCI members, who gave their member number in exchange, the rest sent me their power, some QRP, some not. I assume for the purposes of the contest in terms of my score, my power matters, but not theirs. Because I was operating on the rockmite at 500 mW output, my score got a 10x multiplier. Even more helpful, I got an additional 5000 points for operating portable (a bonus ~3x bigger than my score itself).

Operating with the Rockmite takes some patience, as the bandpass is large enough to hear many simultaneous conversations. When stations reply, it can be hard to tell if they are zero beat or not, particularly if they send just their call rather than “ai4sv de mycall mycall”.  Infrequently, I also had a touch of broadcast band interference, which faded in and out, and was always too tenuous to pick out specific spoken words.

Rocky Gap State Park was not chosen based on its potential as a contest location, but it worked well as one. The park elevation is about 1200 feet, and we were in site 182, which is at the far end of one loop, at the top of a hill, and surrounded by woods. Our site did not have electrical feeds, which further reduced the noise.  The entire site is in a valley, however, with taller hills to the east and west, so some low angle radiation may not have passed.

I would certainly consider Rocky Gap again for family camping, but I have my eye on some sites that are both closer and more elevated, for instance in West Viriginia, Black Water Falls (elevation 2897 feet) or Pipestem Resort (elevation 2690 feet, plus it has the word “Resort” in the name).


Upstairs with NAQCC

We interrupt coverage of Operation Sizzling Pork for this brief mention of last night’s NAQCC sprint, which turned out much better than I would have had any reason to expect. This is a monthly two-hour QRP sprint in which I have participated a half dozen times, usually netting only a few contacts. When I got home from work last night, I remembered the sprint, but was not very optimistic: both main rigs,  the antenna tuner, and my keyers are in Indiana, plus a thunderstorm was predicted for prime operating time that evening. However, by the end of the contest, I had made more QSOs than ever before.

an 80m dipole fed through a vinegar jug wrapped in coax
The Belgian Vinegar Antenna (BVA)

With the vintage Collins gear still out for repairs, I had two choices: my 40m rockmite (550 mW) or my ~4W TenTec 1320. The rockmite seemed a bit light for my purposes, so I went with the TenTec. There was one problem, though: the stealth vertical in the backyard is not resonant on 20m, the TenTec’s only band. As of last month, our attic has a newly installed floor, so I strung up a simple dipole from the rafters. I used the former “Belgian Vinegar” antenna, and shorted the radiating wires to sixteen feet, seven inches (calculated for resonance on 14.060). The BVA was basically a dipole center connector plus a gallon vinegar jug wrapped with coax to make an air-core current choke. I wasn’t worried about RF running down the cable in the current installation, so I uncoiled the coax and discarded the vinegar jug. I had used this antenna for two years in Belgium, and during one contest when I operated from Mount Vernon, NY.

temporary station in the bedroom
Temporary Upstairs Station

I didn’t attempt to run coax down to the basement, but just down through the trap door and into the bed room, where I borrowed my wife’s computer desk. Her iMac was temporarily pushed to the side to make room for the station. I did not have an antenna analyzer or VNA, but I did have a power meter that measured forward/reverse power, so in the fifteen minutes before the event, I trimmed the antenna old school, calculating the vSWR. I got it down to about 1.8:1, and figured that was good enough. I was sweaty and itchy from fiberglass and didn’t want to mess anything up right before the contest, so I left well enough alone. With a 25 foot cable, I figured there wasn’t enough power loss to worry about, even at QRP.

Out the window, I could see lightning flashes, and under ordinary conditions, I would not have used the outdoor vertical. However, given that the dipole is indoors and lower than the various metal projections on my roof, I figured I was okay working through the storm. Loud static crashes interrupted work all evening. After each crash, the radio’s AGC would kick in and I’d be deaf for a couple of seconds as sensitivity recovered. Despite the QRN, reception was fantastic on 20m.

I worked eastern and central North American stations in the first half of the contest, as with the vertical antenna, Minnesota and Texas came in particularly well. Around 01:20Z, propagation went long, favoring western stations, particularly Oregon. I was pleased to work NAQCC members in both Canada (Saskatchewan) and Cuba during the contest.

In all, I had 17 QSOs, although I noted that the last one was a repeat, probably trying to be sure that I had copied him correctly on the earlier exchange, so I can say that I have 16 QSOs that count towards a score. All of my contacts were with members, so 2 points each, and made using a straight telegraph key, so a 2x multiplier. I think I did pretty well this week both in absolute score and likely in relative score since I presume that some of the heavy hitters were on the road to attend the Dayton Hamvention.

I was impressed by the performance of the attic dipole, which was refreshingly free of man made noise, versus my usual operation on the lower bands with the vertical antenna. Over the summer, I am hoping to refine the attic installation and make it permanent, routing the wires down to the station in the basement.

Operation Sizzling Pork: Analysis

We went into Operation Sizzling Pork with the intention of having a good time (as we did, see Ben’s photos), rather than as an all out contest. This was something of a shake down cruise with a lot of firsts — it was the first time Ben had worked a contest larger than a sprint, the first time Tymme had operated on HF, and the first time we had tried to pull together this sort of outing. We had some modest, if arbitrary goals, which we came up with the night before the contest while feasting on pork ribs at Squealers Barbeque Restaurant. We decided that if we made 100 voice and 100 cw contacts we would be happy. As our log showed, we hit those numbers and then some:

Band     Mode      QSOs        Pts        Sec
 3.5     CW        71          142        14
 3.5     LSB       21           21         5
 7       CW        61          122        26
 7       LSB       54           54        33
 14      CW        37           74        21
 14      USB       38           38        12
 21      CW        14           28         1
 21      USB       10           10         2
Total  Both       306          489       114
Score: 55,746

So, everything above our goal was gravy, but it’s still worth a little post-event analysis since next time we might want to enter on a more competitive footing.

What worked well:

  1. Logistics. We actually managed to get both materials and personnel to the right location, with some time to spare. Flights, rental car, UPS ground transport. Antennas went up the day before, and the stations went on the air as soon as the contest started. Not bad for a first time effort.
  2. Tymme’s patent-pending arborist slingshot. Antennas (green) went up more than sixty feet, and almost always on the first try. As expected, our actual station (numbered positions) and  antenna deployment did not match up with our planned layout (detailed in an earlier post). We had anticipated station a station near the north east corner of the house, but those windows do not open, and the power lines (red) come in on that corner, so we shuffled around. As much as the aerial photos helped with antenna planning, actually seeing where the trees were was another story. We put the NVIS buddipole in the front yard (north, elevated 3~5m), and oriented the low Alpha-Delta DX-EE (elevated ~8m) at right angles to it, between Tymme’s house and garage. The two G5RVs were hung at ~15 and ~20 meters up, also at right angles to each other.

    Three stations plus four antennas
    What we actually did
  3. Multiple mode operations. Every station operated in both voice and cw mode. Most of the time, we had at least two radios going, one in voice and one in cw. Sometimes, we managed all three radios. Some RF did get into the Icom 7200, but for the most part, radios did not interfere with each other.
  4. Logging. A secret objective of mine was to convince Ben that the N1MM logging program was not just an ugly holdover from the DOS age, but a finely honed contesting tool. Even I was surprised, however, when we got it to work on a thrown together network consisting of Macs and PCs.
  5. Longer range contacts. We did not do poorly in terms of medium to long range contacts, with 39 states worked in 12 hours. The close in states were worked on 40, and we got out a bit further in the late evening on 80, but the workhorse in terms of medium and long range was 20m.
  6. Weather. We can’t take much credit for this — we were surrounded by thunderstorms, but they went wide of our operating position. We could hear them, but we didn’t have to suspend operations.

Where we came up short:

  1. We did not take full advantage of being a multi-multi, although some of this reflects conscious choices, like not using an amplifier.  Since multi-multis are permitted to use spotting assistance, we could have made more use of county spotting sites, dx clusters, etc. If we had more people, putting someone on a spotting radio and/or internet duty could be helpful.
  2. Indiana Counties. There was no particular pattern to counties worked or not, but  numerically, we could have done better in terms of counties. One strategy would be to try to track the mobile rigs more effectively, the other would be to try to maintain consistent calling frequencies on each band for people hunting for our county.
  3. Longer range. We had the 40m NVIS going almost all the time, and I think that ate into our use of the G5RVs for 40m operation. We probably could have picked up additional states and possibly counties by using the more elevated antenna for 40m.
  4. Apparently circular one of signal null during Operation Sizzling PorkThe Ring Of Deafness. I’m not sure if this is real or not, but if you look at where were did not work, it seems that there is a skip zone about 1000 km around our location. While I can imagine that the Dakotas are not well represented because nobody is there, this surely is not true of New York. Some of the New England QSO Party might have been swallowed up in this skip zone. What could we do about it? The only solution would be to change the take off angle of our antennas. Maybe it would make sense to have a vertical antenna in the mix to try to complement the coverage pattern of our high and low dipoles.

Considerations for next time:

  1. More bodies. With four operators, we had reasonable coverage, although there were times that we all took a break together, leaving the radios uncovered. With more people, we could operate in shifts, or double-staff each radio, with one person on the radio controls, and on the computer. Having a “spare” person to run around and fix things would also be nice.
  2. The least effective of our antennas was the Alpha-Delta DX-EE, which was intentionally installed low to get some NVIS effect on 40m. When we had started the event, both G5RVs were on a single switch, allowing operating position three to “rotate the beam” ninety degrees. In practice, this didn’t seem like much of an advantage for most calls, and after more than half the contest had gone by, we switched the second G5RV to operating position number one. This opened up some options for that position, and it probably would have been better to have moved it over earlier.
  3. A Voice keyer would be nice. Also, next year I’d suggest programming all of the keyers with the same settings: 1) “CQ INQP NN9S TEST”; 2) “CQ CQ INQP DE NN9S NN9S K”; 3) “599 MONR”.
  4. Better integration with the 7th Area and NE QSOP, maybe the ability to break each contact out of the log for individual submission. It would mean that we would have to copy their full county information as well. This seemed like a unnecessary level of complexity to add this year, but it wouldn’t take much more effort.

Operation Sizzling Pork: The Log

There will be more more posts on Operation Sizzling Pork, but I intend to draw it out. Later in the week: the travelogue, a how-to guide for using Macs during mutlirig contests, and some strategic analysis. Right now, however, my priority is to share the results of the contest with other teams members. I am still doing some sanity checking on the logs and making sure that no contacts were missed due to database synchronization issues, but I expect that the logs I have in hand are 99% final.

This was a 12 hour contest, from 16:00 UTC on Saturday, May 5 to 04:00 UTC on Sunday, May 6. We operated three radios, as planned using four antennas to obtain dx and local coverage. We operated under Ben’s call sign, NN9S from the Chaos Lodge in Bloomington, so our exchange was “MONR” for Monroe County, Indiana. All stations ran N1MM in a networked configuration, with the database replicated across all machines.

We logged 314 contacts, but 8 were duplicates, so 306 usable contacts. In some cases, we were able to log two entries when contacting mobile stations parked on county line boundaries.

Of the 314 contacts, 128 were phone and 186 were cw (morse code).  Station 1, an icom 7200 at 100W to an Alpha-Delta DX-EE at 25 feet logged 83 contacts. Station 2, a Kenwood B2000 at 100W to two orthogonal G5RVs at 40 and 60 feet, respectively, logged 148 contacts, and station 3, a Kenwood TS-450 at 100W to a buddipole configured for 40m NVIS operation logged 83 contacts.

As predicted, 40m was the workhorse band and remained active throughout the entire event, yielding 119 contacts. 15m was strong earlier in the day, and produced 24 contacts across the country, drawing strongly on participants in the 7th Area QP event. We also had a phone and cw contact to Venezuelan stations on 15m.  In the late afternoon, 20m was helpful for both national and international contacts. Tymme had a run of six Italian stations on phone from the ARI contest. The 15m band dropped off around 6 pm local time, but 20m continued into the late evening. Around this time, the New England QSO party was also in full swing, providing contacts on 20m and 40m. Around 9 pm local (01:00 UTC), we started working 80m and continued until the end of the contest, working a total of 93 contacts.

At several points during the contest, we were spotted on various clusters resulting in bursts of pileup activity. Here’s a search from DX-cluster performed earlier today:

stations listing NN9S as a MONR station in the INQP

During the contest, we did well in terms of long-range multipliers, having worked 39 states and 5 provinces.  Our U.S. states included AL, AZ, AR, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MT, NC, NH, NJ, NM, NV, OH, OR, PA, RI, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, and WY. The provinces included NS, QC, ON, MB and BC. We worked WB8WKQ in MI, WA3HAE in PA, and W7RN in NV four times each on various bands and both modes.

Most states are colored, signifying at least one contact with NN9S


Our coverage of Indiana was more spotty, particularly in the southeast corner. Overall, we reached 35 out of 92 counties. It looks like the NVIS signal and the low multiband antenna performed well. Within Indiana, KV9X yielded four log entries, but was really two contacts spanning county lines. We worked a number of other stations three times including N9FN, N9LF, and W9LJ. Our single home county contact (MONR) was with the Indiana University station, K9IU.

35 counties are shaded signifying at least one contact with NN9S

Our final score will end up being something in the neighborhood of 55,000 points, which is pretty decent considering that this was a first time effort and that we are not experienced contesters.

Operation Sizzling Pork

A pig above capital letters O, S, PSeveral months ago, I bounced an idea off Ben (NN9S) and Tymme (K9TYM) — why not get together for some sort of radio operating event? I reviewed the contest calendar and suggested the Indiana QSO Party, a laid back twelve hour contest on May 7th. Tymme has a technician license, but has not had much chance to play with HF, while Ben recently got this extra ticket, but has not taken part in many contests. Not that I have much more experience, but I have been around other people who do know what they are doing in contests, and hopefully, I’ve learned from them.

So, for the last few months, we have been scheming and setting in motion all the logistics to make this event happen.  As a first step, we agreed to operate from Tymme’s house near Bloomington, Indiana. There is a lot of land around the house and some tall trees (although, not as many as last week, prior to the storm that sent one through the roof of Tymme’s cottage). We took stock of our equipment and decided that we could probably put three rigs on the air at once, maybe more if we had more participants.

So, here is the plan (after next week, we can see how close we came, and where Murphy sent us in a different direction):  Some equipment for this event was ordered and shipped directly to Tymme’s, things like the G5RV antennas, switch boxes, and extra coax. Conveniently, we justified the cost of these items by thinking that we’ll use them again. I’ve also shipped my main station to Tymme’s in a few boxes via UPS. It’s cheaper than flying them out as luggage, and probably safer as well. I will fly out to Chicago on the evening of Thursday, May 5th, pick up a rental car, and catch some Z’s at a hotel near O’Hare. The next morning, I’ll be up early, drive to Ben’s and load the car with his goodies. If anyone else from Chicago wants to come, we can pile them into the car, and/or tie them to the roof, trunk or fenders. Then, it’s a classic road trip down to Bloomington. On the way, we cross back over the time zone, ending up on Eastern Time.

Friday will be set up day, the big items being hanging the antennas, running the feedlines, setting up the workstations and installing the logging software (N1MM) at each workstation. The workstations also need to be networked together to share data in realtime during the contest. Later in the day, we should have some time to review the rules and strategy for the contest and to test the equipment on the air.

Saturday is the day of not only the Indiana QSO party, but several others including the 7th area call party, the New England QSO Party, the SKCC sprint, and the Italian Amateur Radio (ARI) contest. The Indiana event doesn’t kick off until noon, so we can work on our contest style for a bit using one of our personal call signs to make contacts.

an aerial photo of Tymme's House with operation locations markedAt noon, we’ll go on the air with up to three transmitters at once. Although everything is subject to change, we think the configuration will be as follows. Position 1: Kenwood B2000 at 100W  to orthogonally oriented G5RV antennas via an LDG 100 Pro II tuner. 2: Kenwood TS450 at 100W to a low horizontal buddy pole configured as a 40M NVIS antenna, possibly switching to a higher 40/20 dipole; this position will use the TS-450’s internal tuner. 3: Icom 7200 at 100W to a high Alpha-Delta DX-EE 40/20/15/10 multiband dipole, possibly switching with an orthogonally oriented dipole via an LDG Z100 tuner; 4: Yaesu 817 QRP spotting radio, to a 40/20/10 end-fedz antenna.

We are hoping to operate the entire twelve hours of the contest. With strategy and logistics largely addressed, we are now turning to more important matters such as what will eat during the event? Mother Bear’s Pizza sounds likely on Friday night and a trip to the Runcible Spoon for breakfast on Sunday. During the event, we are considering putting on a pot of soup plus finger foods.

Next Year Jerusalem; this year Hungary

I had another go at the rockmite last night on 40 meters. I tuned the LDG tuner to 7.028 with the Kenwood B2000 and then substituted the rockmite for input; antenna was the 43 foot tree-slung vertical wire. The LDG has latching relays, so it stayed tuned even when the drive was removed. I started calling around 18:30 EDT (22:30 Z) and was answered by W2XB, Don in Lakeview, New York (a bit south of Hamburg, along the shore of Lake Erie). Don was using an Elecraft K3 and gave me a 349. His signal was weak but copiable (after I asked him to QRS down to around 15 wpm), so I gave him a 359. The rockmite is not very selective and there were signals up and down probably a khz, so most of the filtering was done  between yours truly’s ears. This contact went back and forth three times, and I can’t say that I copied every last letter, but the signal was quite stable. So, that is QSO number 3 for the rockmite, 282 miles (~450 km) on 550 mW.

After listening to the rockmite for a while more, my head was beginning to swim. I craved the narrow filtering… no, make that any filtering whatsoever, so I fired up the Kenwood and sent a QRL on 40m. I was answered immediately by a “?”, so I cq’d, and was surprised when HA3OD, Arpi, came back to me. I believe he said that he was operating at 30W from a location near Pecs, Hungary. So, about 4600 mi (7400 km) on 5W — even better than the rockmite.

I’m pretty happy with QRP performance last night. Propagation conditions were not particularly great (prediction for the band was “fair”), but noise was less of a problem than usual. I am considering building some sort of audio filter to narrow the rockmite experience. I know that there was a rockmite filter, but I don’t believe it is still available. I’ll have to look around a bit.

Rocky Road

Yesterday, my brain was mush, so I didn’t attempt anything at the workbench. I turned on the radio and tuned around the ten meter band, not expecting to hear much. However, I did hear considerable activity from South America, calling with “MM TEST”, which turned out to be the Manchester Mineira contest. Since the contest originated in Brazil, it wasn’t surprising to hear so many stations from that country. I had my first contacts with Peru and Ecuador, and logged a few with Columbia, Aruba, Cuba, Mexico and a few U.S. stations. I heard Chile and Panama, but didn’t manage to land them. I only caught the last couple hours of the contest and did not try running at any point.

Afterwards, I plugged in the 550 mW rockmite 40 and tried calling for a bit. The signal went through my LDG tuner and then my 43 foot vertical wire in the backyard. The band conditions were not great last night, but the activity level was relatively high.  I tried for about an hour, and stopped around midnight. I figured that I might have more luck the next morning, with fewer competing signals (but also fewer listeners awake). I started calling around 6:30 and went about 45 minutes. Local sunrise was 06:27 EDT / 10:27 Z, so 40m was fading towards the end of that period. I didn’t get any responses, but I was picked up at reasonable levels on the reverse beacon network, by stations from Massachusetts and Georgia.

reverse beacon network listing showing ai4sv picked up from 7 to 20 dB above noise

At one point this morning, my ears were nearly blasted off by a New York station operating on 7.031-something. I cranked the RF gain all the way down on the RM40, but it was still loud. The reverse beacon network registered the station at 51 dB above background in Illinois and Maryland — that’s about 10,000 times stronger than my 500mW signal, so I have to guess that the station was using either a linear amplifier or had one heck of an antenna. Even operating more than 3 khz away, he cooked me.

So, no cigar so far on the higher-power RM, but I am sure that the signal is getting out. Maybe I need to keep an eye on the QRPspot site.

Honey, I blew up the amplifier

Actually, let’s start on a bright note, and then we’ll get to the part involving smoke.

Inside view of the rockmite 40 installed in a mity box
The Rockmite 40

My main reason to build the amplifier was to get a bit more power out of the rockmite. Part of the problem in getting the amp working was also likely low driving power. The basic design of the rockmite uses the prototypical bipolar NPN for the “final” amplification — a 2N2222.  There are variants that use other transistors and get the power above a watt, and there are also some tricks to increase the drive, but the stock rockmite should yield a nominal half watt or so with no mods. So, I took off the cover of the rockmite and poked around, checking all the part values. I had already made one substitution: C8 was decreased in value from 0.1 uF to 0.01 uF to knock the side tone volume level down to something tolerable.

Sure enough, I saw the problem — I had used 47 pF (marked 47J) instead of 470 pF (marked 471) for C15 and C17, which are on the output side. Yes, the “1” and the “J” looked similar. I stuck the right value capacitors in, and power output using a 13.2V supply was 550 m. Not too bad.

Next, I plugged the RM into the Texas Topper. I didn’t power it right away, though, because I was interested to see what sort of insertional loss the Texas Topper introduced when it was not active. Power output was about 400 mW. This probably wasn’t an entirely fair test because the Tx Topper was still on the bench top, with tack-soldered connections to the BNC connectors.

Texas Topper before final install

I removed the extra N4148 from the amplifier, because I figured it probably had enough drive now to work without extra bias. Power output was measured as 2.2W, so about 6dB gain.  While I could live with that (and, in retrospect should have), I was curious what would happen if I bumped the bias back up a bit. The N4148 went back in, raising the bias voltage from about 2.05 to 2.75V. Power output was now 7.7W — 11dB gain. I measured roughly 7Vpp in, 20Vpp out, so roughly in agreement.  Part of the increase in gain might also have been due to switching from using alligator clips to apply power to using a thicker wire terminated on one end with a power pole connector and on the other end with a type N coaxial plug.

So, at this point, I was actually (hah) thinking of introducing a one or two dB attenuation pad, although the idea of burning off power in  a QRP rig feels inelegant. More inelegant, however, was trying to bend the FET forward so the heat sink would fit in the enclosure. When I pushed it forward (yes, with power applied), there was a bit of sizzle and then a bright flash from the LED. I don’t know if something arced before the LED toasted, but I was left with the acrid and no doubt carcinogenic aftertaste of stupidity wafting through the shack.

I inspected the board around the FET and couldn’t see an obvious short. The parts in that area do share some close quarters, and the heat sink is right next to both transformer coils. I took out the LED (shorted now) and yanked the FET. Good thing I had a bag of them on hand….as will soon be even more evident.

With a new FET, a new LED (not quite the same type, but close), and another diode, I was back in business. Everything was fine until I tried to stuff the heat sink into the enclosure. This time, not under power. The problem is, though, at some point, you have to apply power, or the whole thing is just a paperweight. Zot. Sizzle. Flash. Puff.

Yeah. So, at this point, I’m out of FETs and thinking that maybe I need to do something more creative regarding the strained relations between the heat sink and the enclosure. The heat sink should be applied right to the metal tab on the FET, which is the drain. The case is aluminum, and at ground potential, so that particular twain shouldn’t meet.

I tend to only order from Mouser when I get enough items on my “want” list to make the shipping work out, so it might be a bit before I replace the burnt out components, but I’m sure I will in the next couple weeks. The board has held up very well to my repeated soldering/unsoldering, and I really don’t have any complaints about the Texas Topper per se. This is more a mechanical issue at this point — all the electronic bits seem to do a fine job of amplifying. I may, in fact, order another one just to play on another band.

Even without the Texas Topper, doubling the output of the Rockmite should make it more usable. I’m looking forward to rolling both it and the TenTec 1320 out next week for the QRP to the Field Event.